Weight loss surgery is just the beginning of your weight loss regimen and should be maintained throughout your life. The five things that you can expect following weight loss surgery include:
Changes to diet: During the first 2 weeks after surgery, you will be suggested a liquid diet. During the next few weeks, while your body heals, the texture and volume of food will be gradually increased from soft foods to regular foods. A variety of food can be slowly introduced over time and most foods that may have been intolerable initially (bread, meat, highly fibrous fruits, and vegetables) can be tolerated a few months after surgery. It is also important that you take insufficient amount of water to stay hydrated. Your doctor may suggest vitamin, mineral and calcium supplements to avoid nutrient deficiencies.
Changes in eating habits: For a successful outcome you will need to adopt new eating habits such as eating smaller meals, eating slowly and chewing your food thoroughly, avoiding foods high in fat or difficult to chew, avoiding aerated drinks and chewing gum, with focus on including high-protein foods (meat, seafood, eggs, pulses, milk and milk products) into your diet.
Incorporating exercise into your daily routine: Exercise is a very important part of a successful bariatric surgery. A regular exercise program helps in reaching and maintaining an optimal weight loss. Soon after surgery, you will begin walking. Gradually and progressively start your exercise program with a goal of at least 30 minutes of exercise each day.
Improvement in Obesity-related symptoms: As you lose weight following weight loss surgery you can expect greater control or even resolution of certain obesity related conditions such as type 2 diabetes or sleep apnea. This can greatly improve your quality of life.
Possible Side effects: Weight loss surgery may be associated with certain side effects which are mostly temporary in nature and treatable. Common side effects include constipation, gallstones and dumping syndrome. Rarely, one may experience a serious complication.
The success of weight loss surgery depends on the way you adapt yourself to changes and your willingness to pursue an active lifestyle and healthy diet. Make sure to discuss any concerns with your physician.